Diabetes is the main Cause of Diabetic Neuropathy. Due to damage to the nerves in diabetes, there are problems like tingling, pricking and numbness in the hands and feet. This is called Diabetic Neuropathy. It is one of the most common diabetes problems caused by the increase in blood sugar level in the body.

What is diabetic neuropathy?
The name 'Diabetic Neuropathy' is used only for problems related to diabetes nerves (the nerve in the body is the fiber through which signals are transmitted from one place to another in the body). According to the affected part of the body, Diabetic Neuropathy occurs in many ways.
1. Peripheral Neuropathy
2. Sensory Neuropathy
3. Autonomic Neuropathy
4. Focal Neuropathy

Common things to know all about Diabetic Neuropathy.

1. Peripheral Neuropathy
Peripheral Neuropathy damages the nerves around the hands and feet. Because of this, the affected person has to go through problems like tingling, pain and numbness in the arms and legs.

Its symptoms first affect the hands and feet and gradually spread throughout the body. This sensation also occurs while wearing stockings or glove. That is why doctors also call it stocking-glove pattern. Some people are also very sensitive to touch.

If this is not taken care of, then the affected nerves can become worse (in 10 or 20 years). Apart from this, a person may feel these symptoms:
  •   Weakness and dizziness
  •   Weight loss, because muscle weight decreases.
  •   Loss of balance
  •   Digestive discomfort
  •   Problems with sexual activity
  •   Foot ulcers

These symptoms grow very slowly, so until they become very severe or complicated, they are not recognized.

Anyone with diabetes can have Peripheral Neuropathy. However, in these circumstances mentioned below, the risk of its growth is high.
If you-
  • ·        Are over 55 years old.
  • ·        Have been affected by diabetes for a long time.
  • ·        Blood sugar is not able to be controlled.
  • ·        There is high blood pressure.
  • ·        Weight is too much.
  • Peripheral Neuropathy Cause?

Researchers have not been able to ascertain the exact cause of Peripheral Neuropathy. However, there is no doubt that it is due to high blood sugar level. Recent research suggests that in addition to high blood sugar levels, metabolic disorder, changes in blood vessels can also be caused by high blood pressure. In addition, Peripheral Neuropathy can also occur due to high fat around the waist and high cholesterol level.
Increasing the amount of sugar in the blood causes damage to the blood vessels, which affects the supply of blood from nerve cells to other parts of the body. Due to this, oxygen is not supplied in the nerve cells, causing damage which cannot be corrected. 

Note- If the Diabetic Neuropathy not remains for long time it can be dangerous. if any one have High Blood Pressure with Diabetes or Diabetic  Neuropathy then there is a possibility of Paralysis attack in future. 

2. Sensory neuropathy
Autonomic Neuropathy starts from the extremities of the body like the feets or hands and can develop to affect the whole legs and arms. The symptoms of sensory neuropathy you can observe at the part of your body where the nerves are affected. Some common symptoms are Numbness, unable to sense pain, tightening feeling, unexplained burning sense, sharp stabbing pain ( Noticeable at night ).

3. Autonomic Neuropathy
Autonomic Neuropathy that occur when nerves of our body is damaged. In The Autonomic Neuropathy the nerves also affected which carry information from our brain to spinal cord and then it carried out to Heart, Blood Vessels, Pupils, Bladder, Intestines and sweat glands.  
4. Focal Neuropathy
The Focal Neuropathy damage which damages to single nerves, most often in hand and legs, is less common than other like Peripheral or Autonomic Neuropathy. Entrapment which a common type of Focal Neuropathy  occur when nerves compressed in area where pass through narrow passage between bones and tissues. 

Diabetic Neuropathy care- 

It is a pity that there is no cure for Diabetic Neuropathy without Diabetic control. Doctors give medicines like pain relievers and anti depressants to reduce its symptoms. Capsaicin cream and ointment also help in getting relief. 

Controlling blood sugar level is the best way to protect nerves from damage. By Exercise and yoga with Proper food Nutrition and Diabetic Care you can overcome from this.

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